Private prisons in the United States incarcerated 121,718 persons in 2017, representing eight.two% of the total state and federal prison population. Because 2000, the quantity of persons housed in private prisons has improved 39%.
Even so, the private prison population reached its peak in 2012 with 137,220 persons. Declines in private prisons’ use make these newest general population numbers the lowest due to the fact 2006 when the population was 113,791.
States show considerable variation in their use of private correctional facilities. Certainly, the New Mexico Division of Corrections reports that 53% of its prison population is housed in private facilities, though 22 states do not employ any for-profit prisons. Information compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and interviews with corrections officials discover that in 2017, 28 states and the federal government incarcerated persons in private facilities run by corporations such as GEO Group, Core Civic (formerly Corrections Corporation of America), and Management and Education Corporation.
Eighteen states with private prison contracts incarcerate extra than 500 persons in for-profit prisons. Texas, the very first state to adopt private prisons in 1985, incarcerated the biggest quantity of persons beneath state jurisdiction, 12,728.
Because 2000, the quantity of persons in private prisons has improved 39.three%, compared to an general rise in the prison population of 7.eight%. In six states the private prison population has extra than doubled in the course of this time period: Arizona (479%), Indiana (310%), Ohio (277%), Florida (199%), Tennessee (117%), and Georgia (110%).
The Federal Bureau of Prisons maintains the nation’s highest quantity of persons managed by private prison contractors. Because 2000, its use improved 77%, and the quantity of persons in private federal custody — which incorporates prisons, half-way homes and residence confinement — totaled 27,569 in 2017. Although a considerable historical boost, the population declined 15% due to the fact 2016, probably reflecting the continuing decline of the general federal prison population.
Amongst the immigrant detention population, 26,249 persons – 73% of the detained population – have been confined in privately run facilities in 2017. The privately detained immigrant population grew 442% due to the fact 2002.
Political influences have been instrumental in figuring out the development of for-profit private prisons and continue nowadays. Even so, if general prison populations continue the existing trend of modest declines, the privatization debate will probably intensify as possibilities for the prison business dry up and corrections organizations seek profit in other places of criminal justice solutions and immigration detention.