As extra states legalize marijuana for each medicinal and adult use, the extra the theories that prohibitionists use as arguments against legalization are confirmed to be false. A study published in August 2019 in the journal Regional Science and Urban Economics is a single of a handful to appear at the impact legalization has on crime prices at a regional level. And according to their study, crime drops noticeably in neighborhoods that are household to a dispensary or two.
“The outcomes imply that an extra dispensary in a neighborhood leads to a reduction of 17 crimes per month per 10,000 residents, which corresponds to roughly a 19 % decline relative to the typical crime price more than the sample period,” the study states.
The study particularly focused on Denver, Colorado – a single of the most prominent cities in the very first state to legalize adult-use cannabis – more than the span of three years, from January 2013 to December 2016. Even though the state legalized cannabis by voter amendment in 2012, the laws have been not implemented till January 2014, with sales starting shortly thereafter.
“Our outcomes are constant with theories that predict that marijuana legalization will displace illicit criminal organizations and reduce crime by means of adjustments in safety behaviors or substitution toward extra damaging substances.”
Researchers did note that a great deal of the crime that had decreased in the region have been nonviolent crimes, which includes criminal trespassing, public disorder, criminal mischief and straightforward assault. Nonetheless, they also discovered that drug-associated offenses fell by two.three crimes per month in a neighborhood of 10,000 persons. The authors of the study pointed out that these adjustments in crime could possibly be due to elevated law enforcement presence close to dispensaries.
“The outcomes show no proof supporting theories that marijuana dispensaries boost regional cannabis crimes (due to the fact we do not obtain increases in marijuana crimes such as cultivation, possession, or sales nearby) or that dispensaries boost crimes by means of elevated intoxication (due to the fact there is basically no transform in the quantity of crimes with marijuana as a ‘contributing factor’ close to areas that obtain dispensaries),” the study concluded.
No matter the cause, the critical issue to note right here is that crime prices dropped exactly where there have been cannabis dispensaries. This straight conflicts with prohibitionist theories and arguments that claim legal cannabis and dispensaries make crime prices worse. And in spite of the truth that this study appears at Denver particularly, possibilities are fairly fantastic that equivalent outcomes would be discovered in any city that welcomes legal cannabis.